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Non-ambient X-ray diffraction (XRD) has become an indispensable technique to understand the influence of temperature, atmosphere or pressure on materials of any kind. Besides its relevance for conducting research, this knowledge is essential for optimizing technical processes and performing quality control in industry.
The focus of interest in an XRD experiment is the sample and this deserves sample stages optimized for the specific application. Sample stages from Anton Paar ensure a precisely controlled sample environment in terms of temperature, atmosphere and pressure.
Automatic sample height compensation also guarantees the correct geometrical position of the sample in the X-ray beam throughout the experiment. Use of high quality materials avoids unwanted chemical reactions between sample and stage components and ensures the long lifetime of the equipment.
Due to their popularity Anton Paar stages fit to all commercial diffractometers and are fully integrated solutions in their software and hardware for ease of use.
The HTK 1200N has been the attachment of choice for in-situ XRD studies on flat samples up to 1200 °C for many years. The novel capillary extension turns this well-known oven chamber into a powerful capillary heater.
Due to its environmental heater, there is virtually no temperature gradient in the sample, even in samples of up to 5 mm thickness.
The BTS 150/500 Benchtop Heating Stages are the first commercial non-ambient stages for benchtop diffractometers and extend their applicability to in-situ XRD studies. Measurements can be performed between -10 °C and 150 °C with BTS 150 and from ambient to 500 °C with BTS 500.
Both instruments are extremely compact in design to fit into the restricted space of typical benchtop diffractometers. The control electronics are integrated in the heating stages and provide easy operation.