Porosity and surface area are important characteristics of solid materials and powders that highly determine the properties and performance such as density, flowability, compaction and cohesion. High surface area materials typically consist of powders with small particles or porous particles. These properties can be analyzed in our contract laboratory with a variety of physical and analytical techniques. In our contract analysis laboratory we use physical gas adsorption (physisorption) for the analysis of the specific surface area (BET area), pore size and pore volume in the range of pores up to 0.1 micrometer. Mostly nitrogen (N2) adsorption is used, but for lower surface areas krypton can be applied, while for small pores argon or carbon dioxide is being additionally used.
For porous materials with larger pores, mercury intrusion porosimetry can be applied, which is capable of measuring pores starting from 0.004 micrometer even up to 900 micrometers. These pores typically exist in agglomerated materials, granules, beads, pellets, etc. The real density of powders and solid materials can be measured by helium pycnometry. Ths value is useful for calculating maximum loadings of reactors and silos. For bulk solids characterization also the tapped density, bulk density, aerated density, pour density, and pack density can be analyzed. The Delft Solids Solutions laboratory uses equipment of the following manufacturers for porosity measurements: Micromeritics, Quantachrome and Thermo Scientific. All analyses are carried out following international standards such as ISO, DIN and ASTM, but can also be executed following customers’ requirements.
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Delft Solids Solutions is a contract research organisation founded in 2002. Our core activities are focused on a better understanding of processes in which powders and solids are used. A more detailed description of materials properties on the micro-level leads to an improved understanding of the behaviour and control of solids on the macro-level. To this end, we employ a variety of experimental set-ups in our laboratory and test areas.
A broad range of methodologies and techniques including method development and consulting is available. Correlating more fundamental parameters such as particle size, porosity, and surface area with bulk solids behavior – flowability, attrition, shear, dustiness of powders – enables to establish firm links with theory and practice. Areas we are active in include, but are not limited to: pharmaceutical materials, medical devices, building materials, catalysts, filler materials, pigments, food and food additives, and handling of bulk solids in general. Delft Solids Solutions can help you to enhance the quality of your process and product by an improved understanding. Our most recent expansion of portfolio includes the assessment of nano-properties of products, in line with upcoming regulations and ordinances. Are you nano-proof?